We now know that our coaching conversation can actually light up different parts of our clients’ brains and create an “environment” that makes positive change more likely to happen – or at least be considered! There is a lot about the brain that we still need to understand and the field of neuroscience is rapidly providing this information.
The “split brain theory” refers to the left and right brain which we have known for some time to perform different functions– one being used mainly for linear thinking (left) and the other for creative, holistic thinking (right). Our left brain organizes information and our right brain senses danger, recognizes patterns and creates imagination (amongst other things). We could say the left brain sees the trees and the right brain, the forest! We need both and we are aware of tapping into each side with our work with clients. There are times they need to dream and envisage and times they need to plan and rationalize.
When we make decisions our brain is involved, yet what we may fail to recognize is the part that other organs play in this crucial process.
We need to revisit how our brain was formed.
The brain evolved by layering – as it became more complex it built on the existing structure and the following stages occurred:
Reptilian brain – our primitive brain served three purposes – sustenance, survival and sex! All necessary functions to stay alive and prolong the species!
The next stage of development saw the Paleo-mammal brain – this appears still in horses, apes and certain other mammals.
Then came the sophisticated “hardware”– the Neo Cortex which included the prefrontal cortex responsible for high level learning and thinking that occurs in today’s world.
So that’s three in total. What people aren’t generally aware of is that we have many neurons (brain cells) in two other organs – our heart and our gut. There are over a hundred million neurons in our gut alone. Which makes these additional organs extremely important in decision making. As often happens, when we look back to how our language developed and the expressions we use, we realize that on some level we have always been aware of the role of these body “centres”. Think of the term “heart felt decisions”, or “gut instinct”. We learn something “by heart”. The heart has the most powerful magnetic field in our bodies and many stories are told about heart transplant recipients taking on characteristics and knowledge of the donor. 90% of serotonin, the “feel good’ neurotransmitter is produced in the gut!
We will take a look at what happens in the brain when we coach in our next short article but for now the most important message here is that out of our five “brains”, only one is rationale! We need to use all of them to make decisions but when it comes to the final word, our emotions will win out. And this involves our entire body. It has been said that reasons (thinking) leads to conclusions, but emotions lead to action. A very important awareness for anyone who is trying to help someone with tough changes that may need to be made to improve their health.
Reference: Carlos Davidovich, MD. 2016